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城市居民低碳通勤行为的“知行不一”

发布时间:2019-12-31作者:王凤 刘娜浏览次数:51

 The Disunity of Knowing and Doing of Urban Residents'

Low-Carbon Commuting Behavior  

Wang Feng and Liu Na

  

摘要:我国城市交通碳排放问题日益严重,对城市居民通勤行为的研究有助于了解城市交通碳排放的规律,从而有的放矢降低城市交通碳排放。本文基于西安市城六区家庭户的分层随机抽样问卷调查数据,运用二元Logit回归分析方法,通过将人口统计学因素与情境因素纳入调节变量,阐释了环境知识和环境意识对市民低碳通勤的影响及作用机理。研究得出的结论有:环境知识与市民低碳通勤显著负相关,且受到住房面积与职住距离的调节作用,揭示出市民“知行不一”现象的客观存在;环境意识与市民低碳通勤无直接显著影响,拥有私家车与较远的职住距离是阻碍环境意识发挥正向引导作用的主要原因,但是对于女性群体,环境意识与低碳通勤显著正相关。本文据此建议针对不同群体出台差异化政策来推进市民低碳通勤,通过建设更便捷的公共交通体系来促使市民在低碳通勤领域达到“知”“意”“行”的统一。

关键词:环境知识;环境意识;低碳通勤

  

Abstract: With the urban transportation carbon emission being increasingly severe in China, studying the urban residents' commuting behavior is beneficial to understand the rule of urban transportation carbon emissions, and to reduce urban transportation carbon emissions with a definite goal. Based on the stratified random sampling survey data of households in six districts of Xi'an City, the effects and mechanism of environmental knowledge and awareness on low-carbon commuting of citizens were explained by using binary Logit regression method and integrating demographic factors and situational factors into moderating variables. The main conclusions of this study are as follows: Environmental knowledge is negatively correlated with low-carbon commuting, and this relation is regulated by housing area and occupational-residential distance, which reveals the objective existence of the phenomenon of the disunity of knowing and doing. Environmental awareness has no direct and significant impact on low-carbon commuting, and private car ownership and longer occupational-residential distance are the main reasons that hinder the positive guidance of environmental awareness. Moreover, environmental awareness is positively correlated with low-carbon commuting among women. Based on this, this paper proposes to introduce differentiated policies for different groups to promote low-carbon commuting, and to promote the unification of knowledge intention and action in the field of low-carbon commuting by building a more convenient public transportation system.
Keywords: Environmental Knowledge; Environmental Awareness; Low-carbon Commuting 

 

基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“雾霾治理中的公众参与机制研究”15XGL017

全文:城市居民低碳通勤行为的“知行不一”.pdf

DOI:10.19511/j.cnki.jee.2019.04.009 

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