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中国要以发展的眼光应对环境和气候变化问题:新结构经济学的视角

发布时间:2019-12-31作者:林毅夫浏览次数:191

 

China Should Cope the Environmental Degradation andGlobal Warming with Development:
A New Structural Economics Perspective
Justin Yifu Lin

  

摘要:中国自1978年开始改革开放以后,经济取得了奇迹似的增长,同时也面临了环境恶化的问题,原因主要在于经济结构从低能耗低排放的农业进入到高能耗高排放的制造业为主的发展阶段。随着我国收入水平继续提高,进入到以低能耗低排放的服务业为主的阶段,环境问题将会得到缓解。但是,当前国内和国际出现了一些新情况,决定了我国政府不能单靠经济发展、产业结构变化来自动解决环境问题:一是我国社会的主要矛盾转变为人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分发展之间的矛盾;二是和环境恶化同根同源的气候变暖成为全球的挑战;三是我国是一个大陆型国家,气候变暖的代价主要由我国自己承担。这些新情况决定我国政府应该发挥积极有为的作用,推动节能减排技术的创新和运用,以改善环境,并对缓解全球气候变暖作出贡献。

关键词:环境恶化;气候变暖;经济发展;新结构经济学

  

Abstract:China achieved a miraculous growth after the reform and opening up in 1978. Alongside with the rapidgrowth is a deterioration of environment. The main reason for the latter is that the economic structure has shifted froma low energy and emission intensity agrarian economy to a high energy and emission intensity manufacturing stage ofdevelopment. As China's income level continues to increase into the stage of low energy consumption and low emission based on services, environmental issues will be alleviated. However, there are some new situations at home andabroad that have determined that our government cannot rely on economic development and changes in the industrialstructure to automatically solve environmental problems. Firstly, the main contradictions of Chinese society is thecontradiction between people's increasing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. Secondly, global warming, which is rooted in the same roots as environmental degradation, has also become a global challenge. Thirdly, China is a continental country, and the cost of climate warming is mainly borne by China itself. Thesefacts decide that our government should play an active and promising role to promote the innovation and applicationof energy conservation and emission reduction technologies to improve the environment and contribute to the mitigation of global warming.
Keywords: Environmental Degradation; Climate Warming; Economic Development; New Structural Economics

  

全文:中国要以发展的眼光应对环境和气候变化问题:新结构经济学的视角.pdf

DOI:10.19511/j.cnki.jee.2019.04.001

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