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连续监测方法在全国碳市场应用的挑战与对策

发布时间:2021-03-31作者:李鹏 吴文昊 郭伟浏览次数:49

The Challenges and Recommendations of Application of the Measurement-Based Monitoring Methodology in National Carbon Market


Li Peng , Wu Wenhao and Guo Wei

 

摘要:全国碳市场启动在即,探索适合的碳排放量化方法具有重要现实意义。本文介绍了国内外连续监测方法的应用现状,比较分析了基于核算的方法与基于连续监测的方法的优缺点,剖析了在我国碳市场中应用连续监测方法面临的问题和挑战。本文建议在推广连续监测方法之前,需要选取试点设施获取实际应用经验,建立监测、报告、核查和认证等一系列配套的支撑体系,并解决与传统污染物监测设备的一致性问题以及与核算方法确定的历史排放数据的一致性问题

关键词:温室气体排放;连续监测方法;CEMS;全国碳市场

 

AbstractAs the national carbon market is about to start, it is of great practical significance to explore suitable methods for carbon emission quantification. This paper analyzes the current application status of measurement-based method in China and abroad, compares the advantages and disadvantages of the method based on accounting and the method based on continuous monitoring, presents specific issues and challenges for the application of measurement-based method in China’s  ETS. The paper suggests that, before the measurement-based method is promoted in national ETS, pilot facilities should be selected to accumulate relevant experiences, the monitoring, reporting, verification and accreditation system shall be built to ensure data quality, and the coherence problems for using CEMS under traditional pollutant control system as well as the consistency between CEMS monitoring data and historical emissions data based on calculation method shall be solved.

Keywords: GHG Emissions; Measurement-based Method; CEMS; National ETS

 

基金项目:国家重点研发计划“我国重点行业温室气体排放监测及质量控制关键技术”(2018YFC1509004)。

 

 

DOI:10.19511/j.cnki.jee.2021.01.005

全文:连续监测方法在全国碳市场应用的挑战与对策.pdf


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