ISSN 2096-2533

CN 42-1881/F



  • 当期目录


发布时间:2023-12-29作者:周沂 李琳 者卓邈浏览次数:86




Targets Constraint of Local Government and Boundary Pollution Governance

Zhou Yi, Li Lin, Zhe Zhuomiao

Abstract: Boundary pollution is a knotty problem in environmental governance all around the world, and is also a key target of China's pollution prevention and control campaign. This paper focuses on provincial boundary pollution, takes the implementation of the 11th Five-Year Plan as the natural experiment, bases on the data of Chinese polluting enterprises, discusses the influence of 11th Five-Year Plan on boundary pollution control, and analyzes the impact of local governments’ target constraints on boundary pollution. The study finds that: After the implementation of the 11th Five-Year Plan, an increase in the number of COD polluting enterprises and new entries was observed in counties along provincial borders, indicating a preference for these areas and a higher scale of pollution emission. Economic growth targets help to reduce the local governments' tendency to shift environmental burdens onto neighbors, facilitating better boundary pollution management. However, incorporating environmental protection into the performance evaluation of officials can intensify this shifting tendency, negatively impacting boundary pollution improvement. In the context of the dual targets of economic growth and environmental protection, provincial boundary regions become crucial in balancing these objectives, providing opportunities for strategic emission reductions by governments. The study also discovers that, compared to non-border counties, border counties exhibit lower thresholds for the entry of pollution enterprises, with local governments strategically positioning these enterprises in boundary areas by relaxing environmental regulations. This approach aims to strike a balance between the dual targets of economic growth and environmental protection. Further research suggests that the intensity of these dual targets influences the effectiveness of vertical regulatory approaches in boundary pollution control. This research offers significant policy implications for enhancing China's environmental regulatory and governance systems and the performance assessment of officials.

Keywords: Boundary Pollution; Dual Target Constraints; Environmental Decentralization; Pollution Enterprises