ISSN 2096-2533

CN 42-1881/F



  • 当期目录

北方地区清洁取暖政策与居民幸福感 ——基于空气质量改善效应的进一步评估

发布时间:2024-03-29作者:李江龙 张琪琳 刘泓汛浏览次数:14




Clean Heating Policy and Residential Well-being in the Northern Region: Further Assessment Based on Air Quality Improvement

Abstract: Air pollution poses a significant challenge to China’s sustainable development, with undeniable impacts on residents' well-being. This necessitates new imperatives in air pollution governance. This study examines the Clean Heating Policy Pilot (CHPP) as a case study to assess its impact on air quality and residential well-being in the northern China from 2014 to 2021. The evaluation utilizes a multi-period Differences-in-Differences (DID) approach and a fixed-effects ordered Logit model, aiming to comprehend the mechanism of the CHPP's action. The findings indicate a significant enhancement in air quality attributed to the CHPP. Changes in energy consumption structure resulting from clean heating initiatives, such as coal-to-gas and coal-to-electricity, played a pivotal role in this improvement. The study reveals that the implementation of the CHPP not only positively influenced air quality but also contributed to an elevated level of residential well-being. Moreover, the study identifies individual subjective environmental pollution perceptions and self-assessment of health as influential factors in enhancing residential well-being. These subjective aspects emerge as important dimensions of the benefits derived from the CHPP. Looking ahead, there is a compelling case to integrate residential well-being into air pollution management objectives. The focus of air pollution management could shift from singularly pursuing environmental benefits to achieving a synergistic enhancement of environmental, economic, and social benefits.

Keywords: Clean Heating; Air Quality; Residential Well-being; Policy Evaluation