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基于自然的解决方案的气候变化治理

发布时间:2020-09-29作者:康蓉 史贝贝 任保平浏览次数:67

 

Nature-based Solutions for Climate Change Governance

Kang Rong, Shi Beibei and Ren Baoping 

摘要:面对日益严峻的气候变化以及由此产生的灾害性影响,如何有效地应对全球气候变化、实现生态环境与经济发展的共赢是所有国家和地区普遍关注的重要议题,而随着以往气候治理方式在应对气候变化过程中所表现出的种种困境,旨在应对气候变化、促进经济增长、保障社会福祉等多重目标的基于自然的解决方案的气候治理新理念应运而生。鉴于此,本文从基于自然的解决方案气候治理新理念产生的背景着手,阐述说明“基于自然的解决方案”的定义、内涵及其特征,并对目前有关这一新理念的研究脉络进行仔细梳理、探析气候治理新理念的研究前沿;同时,结合欧盟和美国等发达国家利用基于自然的解决方案来应对气候变化的现实案例对该气候治理新理念进行深入剖析,分析基于自然的解决方案在应对气候变化实践中的减排效果。本文对基于自然的解决方案这一气候治理新理念的研究为中国未来应对气候变化指明方向,丰富和发展了应对气候变化新方式在中国的研究领域,对中国气候治理具有重要的借鉴意义和参考价值。

关键词:基于自然的解决方案;应对气候变化;适应气候变化;可持续发展

Abstract: Faced with increasingly severe climate change and the resulting disastrous impact, how to effectively respond to global climate change and achieve a win-win situation for the ecological environment and economic development is an important issue that is of general concern to all countries and regions. With the difficulties presented by the traditional climate change economics in the process of coping with climate change, the new concept of nature-based solutions for climate governance with multiple goals such as tackling climate change, promoting economic growth, and ensuring social well-being came into being.In view of this, this article starts from the background of the new concept of nature-based solutions climate governance, expounds the definition, connotation and characteristics of nature-based solutions, and carefully comb and analyze the research frontiers of the new concept of climate governance. The paper makes an in-depth analysis of the new concept of climate governance by combining the actual cases of the European Union and the United States and other developed countries who use nature-based solutions to respond to climate change, and analyzes nature-based solutions to reduce emissions in the practice of climate response. This article's research on the new concept of nature-based solutions for climate governance points

out directions for China to response to climate change in the future, enriches and develops the research field of new approaches to address climate change in China, and provides important reference significance for China's climate governance and reference value.

Keywords: Nature-based Solutions;Tackling Climate Change; Climate Change Adaptation; Sustainable Development

基金资助本文系陕西省社科界2020年度重大理论与现实问题研究项目“习近平生态文明理论与陕西NBS实践研究”(2020Z287)、陕西省教育厅2020年度一般专项科学研究计划项目“环境治理下陕西经济发展方式转变的机制研究”(20JK0367)的研究成果。 

全文:基于自然的解决方案的气候变化治理.pdf


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