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空气污染对居民生活满意度的影响

发布时间:2020-12-31作者:朱欢 颜建晔 王鑫浏览次数:45

  

朱欢 颜建晔 王鑫

The Impact of Air Pollution on Residents' Life Satisfaction

Zhu Huan, Yan Jianye and Wang Xin

摘要:环境就是民生,青山就是美丽,蓝天也是幸福”。本文聚焦空气质量对居民生活满意度的影响及作用机制,运用有序Probit、线性概率模型等方法,匹配了201020122014年中国家庭追踪调查个体微观数据与地区层面的宏观数据,并从经济增长和健康受损的角度分析其中的作用机制。结果表明:空气污染会影响居民生活满意度,二者存在倒U型关系,即从社会福利角度来看存在一个最优的空气质量。进一步研究发现:在发展的早期阶段,经济增长与空气污染相互影响,而经济增长对居民生活满意度产生正向作用;随着经济的发展与空气污染的变化,空气污染通过降低健康水平进而对居民生活满意度产生负向影响。研究空气污染与居民生活满意度的关系,不仅能够为客观评价空气污染提供理论支撑,而且还可以为我国实现绿色发展提供新思路。

关键词:空气污染;生活满意度;经济增长;健康效应;有序Probit

   

Abstract: “The environment is people’s livelihood, green mountain is goodliness, blue sky is happiness”. This paper focus on the impact of air quality on residents’ life satisfaction and its mechanism. We match the individual microdata of the China Family Panel Studies in 2010, 2012, and 2014 with regional-level macro data, and use ordered probit, linear probability models to analyze the mechanism from the perspective of economic growth and health impairment. The empirical results show that air pollution affects residents' life satisfaction, and there is an inverted U relationship between them, that is, there is an optimal air pollution from the perspective of social welfare. The mechanism is that at the early stage of development, economic growth and air pollution influence each other, and economic growth has a positive effect on residents’ life satisfaction. With the development of economy and the change of air pollution, air pollution has a negative impact on residents’ life satisfaction by reducing their health level. Studying the relationship between air pollution and residents' life satisfaction may not only provide theoretical support for objective assessment of air quality, but also offer new ideas for China's green development.

Keywords: Air Pollution; Life Satisfaction; Economic Growth; Health Effect; Ordered Probit

JEL Classification: I31, Q50

 

基金项目:联合国计划开发署项目“南方国家经济发展与碳减排”00099936)、国家社会科学基金一般项目“基于不同经济发展阶段的环境库兹涅茨曲线理论构建与模拟预测研究”20BJL021

  

全文:空气污染对居民生活满意度的影响.pdf

  

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