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互联网使用提升了个体环保参与度吗?

发布时间:2021-06-30作者:李仲武 冯学良浏览次数:196

Does Internet Use Improve People’s Environmental Protection Participation?

Li Zhongwu and Feng Xueliang


摘要:在环境和气候问题日益严峻的形势下,如何提升人们的环保参与行为成为社会热点话题。本文使用2013年中国综合社会调查数据研究互联网使用对个体环保参与度的影响。回归结果显示,互联网使用显著提升了个体环保参与度。利用工具变量处理内生性偏误并进行多种稳健性检验后,这一结论依然成立。异质性分析表明,互联网使用的环保参与效应在老年、低收入群体和农村地区表现得更为明显。机制分析发现,互联网使用能够通过增进环保知识及对环境污染情况的了解途径提升个体环保参与度,也会通过影响使用者对政府环保质量的评价降低个体环保参与度。最后本文提出了差异化和精准性的政策建议,如提高互联网在弱势群体中的普及率,优化互联网的媒介信息渠道作用,完善互联网的舆论监督机制,以提升人们在互联网时代的环保参与度。

关键词:互联网使用;环保参与度;环保知识;中国综合社会调查数据

 

Abstract: In the increasingly severe situation of environmental and climate issues, how to improve people’s participation in environmental protection has become a hot topic in society. This article uses Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) in 2013 to study the impact of internet use on individual environmental protection participation. The regression results show that internet use has significantly increased individual environmental protection participation. After using instrumental variable to alleviate the endogenous bias and conducting various robustness tests, this conclusion is still valid. The heterogeneity analysis shows that the internet use effect is more obvious in the elderly, low-income groups and rural areas. Mechanism analysis finds that internet use can increase individual environmental protection participation by enhancing environmental protection knowledge and understanding of environmental pollution, and it can also reduce individual environmental protection participation by affecting users’ evaluation of government’s environmental protection quality. Based on the above findings, the paper finally puts forward differentiated and precise policy recommendations to increase people’s participation in environmental protection in the internet age, such as increasing the penetration rate of the internet among disadvantaged groups, optimizing the role of the internet in channelling information, and improving the Internet supervision of public opinion.

Keywords: Internet UseEnvironmental Protection ParticipationEnvironmental Protection Knowledge; Chinese General Social Survey

DOI:10.19511/j.cnki.jee.2021.02.007

基金项目:贵州省重大专项课题“新时代贵州绿水青山变金山银山的重点任务和实现路径研究”(21GZZB14)。

全文:互联网使用提升了个体环保参与度吗?.pdf


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