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以人为本实现公平正义的能源转型

发布时间:2021-09-30作者:施训鹏浏览次数:371


摘要:能源转型作为实现“双碳”目标的重要手段,不仅是能源系统的革新换代,而且是社会经济的系统性变革。我国要在如此短时间内实现错综复杂的能源转型史无前例、任重道远。尽管化石能源和可再生能源是能源转型这一硬币的两个方面,但是目前的研究和政策实践都更偏重新能源问题,而对以化石能源利益攸关方研究的广度和深度相对不足。以人为本的公正转型是在能源转型过程中实现社会公平正义的重要手段。实现公正转型,需要统筹环境保护和经济发展,尽早做好化石能源退出规划,建立透明和包容性的决策执行机制,力争实现包容性的转型和发展。

关键词:能源转型;公正转型;社会公平正义; 中国


People-centred Just Energy Transitions for Social Justice

Shi  Xunpeng

Abstract: Energy transition –-a key strategy to achieve China’s carbon peak and carbon-neutral targets—is not only a shift toward low carbon energy mixes but also broader socio-economic changes. China’s energy transition in a short framework is unprecedented and critical for China’s economic and social development. While renewable and fossil fuels are two sides of the energy transition coin, studies and policies focus more on renewable energy issues than the fossil fuel sector and its stakeholders. Ensuring social justice during the energy transition requires people-centred just energy transitions. This just energy transition requires coordination between environmental protection and economic development, early plan for fossil fuels phase-out, transparent and inclusive policy implementation process and inclusive transition and development.

Keywords: Energy Transition; Just Transition; Social Justice; China

 

基金项目:本文系国家自然科学基金面上项目“企业能源转型的驱动因素及其作用机理研究”(72174056)、海外合作项目基于总量控制与配额交易机制的工业去产能建模与政策研究:以煤炭行业为例” (71828401)的阶段性成果。

全文:以人为本实现公平正义的能源转型.pdf