ISSN 2096-2533

CN 42-1881/F



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发布时间:2021-12-31作者:王海林 刘滨 潘勋章 浏览次数:46

BASIC Countries Participate in Global Climate Governance: Historical Contributions, New Challenges and Countermeasures

Wang Hailin, Liu Bin and Pan Xunzhang





Abstract: BASIC countries are active representatives of developing countries in addressing climate change. The energy intensity effect of BASIC countries made a significant contribution to slowing down the growth of global CO2 emissions from 2000 to 2017, which was almost equivalent to the contribution of the energy intensity effect of all developed countries over the same period. In the new situation that the world is accelerating to achieve carbon neutrality, BASIC countries face new challenges including the stringent CO2 reduction pace from carbon peak to carbon neutrality, the lack of supporting funds, technologies and capabilities, the new emissions reduction mechanisms beyond those under the UNFCCC, and the risk of potential split within BASIC countries. To tackle these challenges, BASIC countries could further build mutual trust and consensus. They could continue to protect legitimate rights and interests of developing countries under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement, reinforce pragmatic cooperation in low-carbon technology, and accumulate experience of low-carbon transformation for the vast number of developing countries in the new situation, thereby boosting the achievement of global carbon neutrality as early as possible.

Keywords: BASIC Countries; Global Climate Governance; Carbon Emissions Reduction Contribution; New Challenges and Countermeasures